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Introduction to JavaScript Namespace

Today, we shall look into ‘JavaScript NameSpace’. While we are working on web applications using JavaScript functions and files, it would become difficult to challenge code. So to help us manage this code, we have a keyword ‘Namespace’ which will create mini objects of different modules or functionalities to make code readable. JavaScript does not provide Namespace by default but this functionality can be replicated. It is a container providing scope for set of identifiers, type names, functions or variables, and methods, etc. to prevent collisions among them. It can be created with ease, so with minor tweaks, a namespace can be created.

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Syntax of JavaScript Namespace

Then to access variables in the namespace,

Similar to Objects in JavaScript, we initialize and access this namespace as objects.

varsampleNamespace = { function_one: function() { }, function_two: function() { } }; ... sampleNamespace. function_one ();

This Namespace functionality can be replicated by creating a global object which contains all functions and variables. In modern web applications, different libraries and components are used, so we should have namespace to avoid code ambiguity.



var employee = { company: function () { document.write(“Kartik is an employee working in “); } } var employer = { company: function () { document.write(“Hetero Pharmaceutical Company”); } }


Types of Namespaces

We have two types of namespaces divided as ‘Static Namespace’ and ‘Dynamic Namespace’

Static Namespace: Here, JavaScript namespace is hardcoded and functions are written within. One namespace can be reassigned to another but finally would refer to same old objects

Dynamic Namespace: Here, JavaScript namespace is referenced inside the function wrapper instead of hard coding. We need not bundle up return values to assign namespaces.

We shall see how it works with below-given examples

1. Static Namespace with Direct Assignment

Namespace name can be and functions can be created using namespace.


var employee = {} employee.getEmployeeName = function() { varemployeename = “Karthick lives in “; return employeename; } employee.getEmployeeAddress = function() { varemployeeaddress = “MVP Colony, Sector-8 Rushikonda Road”; return employeeaddress; } document.write(employee.getEmployeeName()); document.write(employee.getEmployeeAddress());


2. Namespace with Object Literal Notation

Here, JavaScript namespace can be defined only once and write functions within the defined namespace.


var employee = { getEmployeeName: function() { varemployeeName = “Varun Kumar lives in “; return employeeName; }, getEmployeeAddress: function() { varemployeeAddress = “Chicago, USA”; return employeeAddress; } }; document.write(employee.getEmployeeName()); document.write(employee.getEmployeeAddress());


3. Namespace with Module Pattern

A namespace allows its logic to be withing global scope by function wrapper which returns an object representing modules public interface. Immediately invokes the function and assign the result to a namespace variable.

4. Supplying a Namespace Argument

This Namespace comes under dynamic namespacing also known as namespace injection. It is represented by a proxy which is referenced directly inside function wrapper. Here, we shall pass namespace as an argument to self-invoking functions.


var employee = {}; (function(employer) { employer.getemployeeName = function() { var name = “Saideep living in “; return name; }; employer.getemployeeAddress = function() { var address = “Quebec, Canada works with “; return address; }; employer.getemployeeLOB = function() { var LOB = “IBPM”; return LOB; } })(employee); document.write(employee.getemployeeName()); document.write(employee.getemployeeAddress()); document.write(employee.getemployeeLOB());

5. Creating namespace with Keyword ‘apply’

It can be created using ‘apply’ with which we will implement using ‘this’ keyword. The namespace will be injected using ‘this’ keyword which is static and cannot be modified.

Moreover, ‘apply’ API is used to separate context and arguments.


var employee = {}; (function() { this.getemployeeName = function() { return name; }; this.getemployeeAddress = function() { return address; }; this.getemployeeLOB = function() { return LOB; } }).apply(employee); document.write(employee.getemployeeName()); document.write(employee.getemployeeAddress()); document.write(employee.getemployeeLOB());


Advantages of JavaScript Namespace

JavaScript namespace provides isolation and protects from other JavaScript code working on web applications.

On defining a namespace, ‘overwriting’ of the same variables which we might not be aware of.

Usage of Namespace makes JavaScript code more structured and easier to read or understand and modify accordingly.

The namespace will avoid memory leakage.

Conclusion Recommended Articles

This is a guide to JavaScript Namespace. Here we also discuss the introduction and types of namespaces along with different examples and its code implementation. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

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